Differences in Cosmetic Surgery and Plastic Surgery



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It is a common misconception that cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery are the one and the same. There is, in fact, an important distinction between them lying in the reasons for a patient opting to undergo the surgical procedure. While both cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery aim to improve a patient’s body, the objectives for patient outcomes differ significantly.

What Is Cosmetic Surgery?

Cosmetic surgery is wholly focused on enhancing the physical appearance of a patient. As a result, the procedures, techniques and principles used and followed by cosmetic surgeons are quite different from those used and followed by plastic surgeons. The key objectives are related to improving aesthetic appeal, proportion and symmetry. Cosmetic surgical procedures can be performed on all areas of face and body, including the eyelids, tongue and ears. Cosmetic surgery is considered elective since procedures are not intended to bring with them improvements in overall physical health. Procedures are carried out by surgeons from a range of fields of medicine. Among the top cosmetic surgery centres in the country is Absolute Cosmetic Medicine Perth.

Common Cosmetic Surgical Procedures

Some of the most common elective cosmetic procedures are liposuction, breast augmentation and abdominoplasty. With the aim of giving a patient a slimmer appearance, liposuction involves removing excess body fat by sucking it out through a cannula. Breast augmentation involves the surgical implantation of silicone implants to increase their size for cosmetic reasons. Abdominoplasty, commonly known as a tummy tuck, is a procedure to surgically remove excess skin from around the abdominal region.

What Is Plastic Surgery?

Plastic surgery aims to reconstruct facial and body defects. These defects are the result of a variety of causes, such as burns, injury or birth defects. Plastic surgical procedures aim to reconstruct a part of a patient’s body so that it functions in a normal way. The objective of such procedures is to improve a patient’s quality of life through improving their physical health or appearance in a way that makes them look and feel as normal as possible. Most cosmetic surgeons originally train as a plastic surgeon before undertaking additional training to allow them to perform cosmetic surgical procedures.

Common Plastic Surgical Procedures

After undergoing a mastectomy remove cancerous tissue, many women opt for breast reconstruction surgery to restore the appearance of their breasts. This can help restore a person’s self-confidence, allowing them to resume their normal lives. Similarly, people who suffer severe scarring from burns often choose to undergo burn repair surgery to restore the appearance of their skin. In cases where people suffer congenital defects such as a cleft palate, their appearance and quality of life is greatly improved by undergoing an operation to repair the area. 

Whether you are investigating the possibilities of either cosmetic surgery or plastic surgery, the full range of benefits and possible risks should be thoroughly weighed up. Surgery is most often permanent and can affect a person’s life in many ways, either positively or negatively, for the rest of their life.