What Do Estheticians Do?



Estheticians are professionals who provide services that allow you to maintain healthy skin. Although they perform certain cosmetic treatments, they are not doctors and they do not perform any plastic surgeries.

Instead, their treatments include facials, application of chemical peels, waxing and the likes with the main aim to beautify your skin. All cosmetics, makeup and skin care products contain some chemicals, usually in the form of active filters, and not all of them are suitable for your skin type. Thus, it becomes difficult to figure out which makeup bag to use and this is where an esthetician can really help.

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What Does an Esthetician Do?

An esthetician not only helps you in determining your skin type but also helps you in figuring out the right chemicals for your skin. Other than this, estheticians also provide treatments for people with aging skin, especially to those who want to avoid any surgeries and retain their healthy skin through cleaner, and more natural procedures.

There are some who prefer to label estheticians as practitioners of “medical aesthetics”. However, no esthetician has the license to employ any medical procedures. They cannot perform any surgeries and neither can they diagnose any skin conditions like infections or rashes.

Estheticians simply recommend cosmetic products to enhance skin care and help you in maintaining healthy skin. They are not authorized to give Botox, any type of fillers or chemical peels that are very deep (though, as mentioned before, estheticians can perform superficial chemical peels).

Any procedure that is invasive, starting from giving some kind of injectables to performing full surgeries, can only be performed by an authorized doctor (for example, a dermatologist, or a plastic surgeon).

While your esthetician cannot treat skin rashes, they can suggest skin care products to take care of it. You can get in touch with an esthetician after getting your rashes diagnosed by a doctor. This could be done because you might not like the idea of consuming too many pills. Or the doctor might feel that the usage of correct cosmetics can help you in treating skin conditions better. In events like these, you can ask your esthetician to prescribe you the necessary products.

Estheticians usually work in salons, or spas (day spas, skin spas, medispas), but some of them also work in close association with dermatologists or other skin specialists. This helps a patient receive an all-round treatment. This way, an esthetician can prescribe skin care products that complement the dermatologist’s treatment. Those estheticians who are professionals in salons and spas mostly specialize in the beautification of skin and they help their clients in rejuvenating and refreshing their skin.

Services Offered by Estheticians

Here are a few primary treatments that every esthetician is trained to perform:

  • Facials

Every esthetician is trained to give facials. These facials have multiple steps and include deep cleansing of skin, followed by a facial steam, exfoliation, application of a face mask, and then moisturizing or application of a serum.

Each esthetician will have their own way of doing a facial and might prefer to include a facial massage as well or apply some special skin care products which will benefit your skin.

  • Acne Treatments

Since estheticians usually exfoliate your skin, either as a part of a facial or separately, they can also use certain scrubs or other products with the exfoliant to clear any acne breakouts. There are many products (for example, clarifying lotions or toners) available over-the-counter that can take care of blackheads and mild acne. Estheticians will use and recommend these to help you get clear skin.

However, if your acne is too severe, then you should first consult a dermatologist and then go to an esthetician so as to avoid any side effects from the acne clearing medication.

  • Body Masks and Wraps

Estheticians use natural products like sugar scrubs, clay masks, salt glows and seaweed wraps to exfoliate skin and make it softer and healthier. These body treatments are accompanied by deep massaging, and therefore they help in relaxing the tense muscles as well.

  • Microdermabrasion

In this treatment, an esthetician uses very fine crystals or a diamond-tipped wand to get rid of dead cells. Microdermabrasion is a popular treatment because it not only makes the skin softer, but it also reduces fine lines, pores, and hyperpigmentation.

  • Superficial Chemical Peels

This is another popular treatment offered by estheticians. In a chemical peel, an alpha hydroxy acid, like salicylic acid is used to exfoliate the skin very fast. This quick exfoliation leads to glowing skin that looks and feels younger.

The Wrap Up

As is evident, an esthetician is not a dermatologist or a doctor. They are not authorized to perform any medical treatment on your skin. However, they can suggest you suitable cosmetic products, and perform a few cosmetic treatments to help you improve the quality of your skin.