7 Common Health Issues Every Woman Should Know
While men and women today are equal in many aspects, when it comes to health, there are significant need differences between the two sexes. Since our biological makeup makes women more prone to certain conditions or certain conditions affect us differently, some education is needed to stay prepared. So, here are the most common health issues every woman should keep in mind.
Breast cancer is almost exclusively a female health issue (even though men can be affected). It typically occurs in the lining of the milk ducts but it can spread to other organs thanks to its aggressive nature. The most affected group of women is older females with a family history of breast cancer, overweight women, women who went through hormone therapy and carriers of a familial breast cancer gene. Also, women with breast cancer can develop breast lumps. While most of these are non-threatening, it’s very important to have each breast growth and change checked by a professional.
Ovarian and cervical cancer
Each year, over 1500 women get diagnosed with ovarian cancer and there are over 800 new cases of cervical cancer only in Australia! Cervical cancer starts in the lower uterus, while ovarian cancer affects fallopian tubes. Both conditions, however, exhibit similar pain, but cervical cancer often causes discharge and painful intercourse. Ovarian cancer is more complicated (even though its symptoms are very vague) and it can’t be detected with a pap smear. All in all, regular checkups, ultrasounds and pap smears are a must for every woman. Luckily, you can find a great Sydney medical centre with a commitment to woman’s health where you can have your cervical screening tests and other vital services for women. A respectable establishment will not only take care of your health but also make you feel comfortable to discuss any intimate questions you might have, which is very important when it comes to gynecological issues.
Changes brought by pregnancy can cause various health concerns to worsen which can endanger both the mother and the child. For instance, if not managed properly, pregnancy can worsen asthma, diabetes and depression. Additionally, healthy mothers can also feel the effects of pregnancy, mostly in their blood. Red blood cell count is known to drop in pregnancy and cause anemia. Another issue can occur when a reproductive cell implants outside of the uterus. Regular exams during pregnancy can diagnose, manage and treat common pregnancy issues that occur.
Urinary tract infections
Urinary tract infections or UTIs are caused by the penetration of germs into the urethra. While possible in men, UTIs are especially common in women as women have a shorter urethra which decreases the length bacteria has to travel to reach the bladder. While UTIs aren’t life-threatening, they do cause unpleasant symptoms like frequent urination, painful urination and cloudy urine. Antibiotics are the most common remedy prescribed for UTIs even though they can sometimes go away on their own.
While not reserved only for women, they are twice as likely to suffer from this disease. Osteoporosis (literally “porous bone”) is a disease that causes bones to become weak and easy to break. Women who went through menopause are more likely to develop this disease and suffer fractures due to the condition. Other factors are low body mass index, cancer treatment, certain medication, early menopause and genetics.
Every one in four women in the US dies because of heart disease. Although it’s mostly associated with men, heart issues affect both sexes equally yet only 50% of women consider it a disease that threatens their gender. Women at risk are those with high blood pressure, high cholesterol, excess weight and those who smoke.
Depression is also more frequent in women and it can often be triggered by hormonal fluctuations. PMS is something that is fairly common among women which Premenstrual Dysmorphic Disorder (PMDD) causes similar yet stronger symptoms followed by depression. Additionally, many mothers go through a form of perinatal depression that causes sadness, fatigue and emotional shifts. Perimenopause, the beginning of menopause, can also be a trigger for depression. Luckily, no matter how strong the symptoms, there are professionals who can help relieve depression with therapy or prescription medication.
A healthy diet, regular exercise and doctor’s visits can help you live a healthier, happier and longer life. So, if you notice any of these symptoms, make sure to schedule your appointment and see what’s happening with your health.