As big data soars, more employees desire to work from home, and new technologies like the Internet of devices and cloud grow, many companies are now investing in data centers. According to JLL, these rooms occupy over 60 million square feet worldwide, but there is an additional 4 million square feet on the way.
Meanwhile, in the curated data by Gray, the global market for data centers could achieve a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of at least 2 percent until 2025. The United States will also remain one of the biggest markets where revenues could hit nearly $70 billion by 2024.
Usually, companies outsource data rooms, but they can already build one because the tools are already available. But how? Here are the essential tips to remember:
1. Determine the Ideal Size of the Center
Data centers can be as simple as a few servers to extensive ones that occupy plenty of rooms and even floors, like Ashburn, Virginia, and Los Angeles, California. It all depends on the needs, budget, and preferences.
A server closet may be less than 200 square feet to share the same space as the rest of the office or the workplace. But this is likely to hold up to two servers only. On the other hand, a local data center will already require no more than a thousand square feet, and it can already accommodate at least a dozen servers.
Enterprise data centers are the largest, occupying at least 5,000 square feet. But because of the high costs and monitoring these demands, companies that process vast volumes of data daily or businesses that share or offer their data servers for a fee can be subscription-based or fixed.
Some factors can affect one's decision regarding the size of the data center. These include enough space for technicians and cybersecurity specialists to move around, the possibility of expansion, and temperature. The more servers are running in a small area, the more heat space accumulates. This then brings the reader to the second point.
2. Make Sure to Cool the Room
Some global data centers are in the colder regions, like Europe, because these spaces need to maintain an ideal temperature. The US General Services Administration suggests keeping these areas cool between 22 degrees Celsius and 26 degrees Celsius, although some experts recommend a much broader, more ideal temperature from 10 to 28 degrees Celsius.
Too much heat can cause stress on these servers, so they perform less optimally. They also end up using a lot of energy and having a shorter lifespan. Servers are not cheap, costing about $1,000 for a unit ideal for small businesses.
Companies also need to plan the cooling mechanism, especially if they live in warmer states like Texas or when summers can be scorching hot.
Besides running air-conditioning systems and improving ventilation and insulation, businesses may opt for a portable air conditioner rental that can function as a cost-effective solution when the ambient temperature rises fast.
3. Consider the Edge Solution
For many tech experts, edge computing is the future in data processing, storage, and sharing. Reportlinker.com shares that the market for this innovation had already reached $1.7 billion in 2019. But it could still increase by almost $9 billion by 2025. By the end of the forecast period, the CAGR would have been 29.4 percent.
With edge computing, businesses can solve some growing issues using cloud platforms, such as latency and bandwidth traffic. This is because information processing happens a lot closer to where the data have come from.
Despite the growth, the concept of edge computing is still young, and it may still evolve. However, one of the ways to implement this is to place data centers closer to the source. In other words, they need to be within the local area.
This setup may also prove to be cost-effective. Digital Foundry provides some basic idea on the cost of building and running a data center, particularly an edge. First, space may be worth $1,000 per square foot. Thus, a server closet may carry a price tag of less than $20,000.
However, since these need to be connected to the data source or network, the business can incur more expenses from line installations. It could be a whopping $10,000 per mile. That's why the closer the center is to the source, the cheaper and more efficient it becomes.
Because of the cost and the physical and technical requirements, building a data center needs careful planning and elaborate tactics. These pointers will help a business get started on meticulous preparation.